Mr Instructor K53 Driving School

Learner's and Driver's Licensing the trusted way!

WARNING SIGNS

Warning signs WARN a driver of potential danger (hazards) they might encounter on, or next to, the roadway ahead or a change in the course of the roadway itself.  Warning signs will be found some distance before such hazard to warn you in time and give you enough time to respond or react accordingly BUT hazard marker plates will be placed at a hazard on the road to indicate the exact position of such hazard e.g. exactly where the road curves sharply or where the road ends suddenly, or at an obstruction or hole in the road, etc.

It is not an offence to disobey a warning sign as it's not a command sign but if you disregard a warning sign it could lead to you being charged with reckless or negligent driving and/or you could be involved in an accident due to not paying attention to a warning sign.

Warning signs are usually mounted on poles or structures next to the roadway and they could be accompanied by a secondary plate below the sign to give supplementary information to such warning e.g. distance, speed, wording, ect.  See Combination Signs to view more such combinations and their meaning.

Warning signs are divided into 4 types:

  • Road Layout Signs
  • Direction of Movement Signs
  • Symbolic Signs
  • Hazard Marker Signs

Shape:  Triangular (normal warning signs) and rectangular (hazard marker signs)

EXAMPLE: temporary warning signs

Colours:  White sign boards with red borders and black or coloured images on the sign (normal warning signs) and white sign boards with red markings on the sign (hazard marker signs).

Most warning signs have a temporary version with a yellow background and red border.  Temporary warning signs would be displayed where circumstances on the road have changed temporarily and have equal importance to that of the standard versions of warning signs.  There are, however some warning signs that come standard in a temporary version only.  You'll notice those below.  Remember they will have a yellow background and would only be displayed in temporary conditions but that occur on a frequent basis e.g. scholar patrols, accident scenes, etc.

ROAD LAYOUT WARNING SIGNS

Road layout signs warn a driver of changes in the layout of the road ahead e.g. it shows you where other roads will meet up with the road you are traveling on, where your road will split or join another road, etc.  The black lines on each sign represent various roads.





Name:

Crossroad Ahead (W101)

Where:

On any road before you reach an intersection (where roads meet).

Purpose:

To warn that a hazard in the form of a crossroad (intersection) is ahead i.e. another road crosses the road you are traveling on.

Action:

Approach cautiously, look out for any stop signs or yield signs and be able to stop if cross-traffic requires it.
If you have to stop, only move off it it is safe to do so.





Name:

Secondary Crossroad Ahead (W102)

Where:

On any road before you reach an intersection.

Purpose:

To warn that you are approaching a secondary crossroad where you have right of way and traffic from the side road has to yield or stop.
(The thicker leg of the cross on the sign indicates which road has priority).

Action:

Approach cautiously, look carefully and be able to stop if cross-traffic from the left or the right does not yield or stop.





Name:

Priority Crossroad Ahead (W103)

Where:

On any road before you reach an intersection.

Purpose:

To warn that you are approaching a priority crossroad where you have to yield to or stop for cross-traffic, since you are traveling on the secondary road.
(The thicker leg of the cross on the sign indicates which road has priority).

Action:

Approach cautiously, and yield to or stop for cross-traffic approaching from the left or right.
Only move off when it is safe to do so.





Name:

T-Junction Ahead (W104)

Where:

On any road before you reach an intersection (junction).

Purpose:

To warn that you are approaching an intersection where the road that you are traveling on meets another road and you have to turn sharp to the right or left.

Action:

Look out for cross-traffic.
Slow down and be prepared to stop and go round the corner at a safe speed.
If you have to stop, only move off if it is safe to do so.





Name:

Skew T-Junction Ahead (W105) (W106)

Where:

On any road before you reach an intersection (junction).

Purpose:

To warn that you are approaching an intersection where the road that you are traveling on meets another road at an angle and you will have to turn sharp to the right or left.

Action:

Look out for cross-traffic.
Slow down and be prepared to stop and go round the corner at a safe speed.
If you have to stop, only move off if it is safe to do so.





Name:

Side Road Junction From The Left Ahead (W107)
Side Road Junction From The Right Ahead (W108)

Where:

On any road before you reach an intersection (junction) where another road joins your road from the left (W107) or from the right (W108).

Purpose:

To warn that you are approaching an intersection where traffic might be approaching you from the left (W107) or from the right (W108) side.

Action:

Slow down so that you will be able to stop, or go around the corner or pass the intersection at a safe speed.
Look out for other traffic from your left or right at the intersection that might not yield or stop.





Name:

Staggered Junctions Ahead (W109) (W110)

Where:

On any road before you reach intersections (junctions) where two roads from the side join your road within a short distance.

Purpose:

(W109) To warn that the road you are traveling on is first joined by another road from the right hand side and within a short distance by another road from the left hand side.
(W110) To warn that the road you are traveling on is first joined by another road from the left hand side and within a short distance by another road from the right hand side.

Action:

Slow down and be prepared to stop or turn at a safe speed.
Look out for traffic at such intersections that might not yield or stop.





Name:

Sharp Junction To The Left Ahead (W111)
Sharp Junction To The Right Ahead (W113)

Where:

On any road before you reach a junction.

Purpose:

To warn that the road you are traveling on will soon split in two and you will have to make a choice which road to take.
(W111) shows that you may either continue to travel straight on this road or choose to take the road to the left.
(W113) shows that you may either continue to travel straight on this road or choose to take the road to the right.

Action:

Decide well in time which road to take.
(W113) Be on the look out for approaching traffic, whose path you will cross when turning to take the right hand side road.





Name:

Sharp Junction From The Left Ahead (W112)
Sharp Junction From The Right Ahead (W114)

Where:

On any road before you reach a junction.

Purpose:

To warn that traffic could soon merge at sharp angles with the road you are traveling on.
(W112) shows that traffic could merge from your left.
(W114) shows that traffic could merge from your right.

Action:

Pass the intersection at a safe speed and look out for merging traffic that might not yield.





Name:

Y-Junction Ahead (W115)

Where:

On any road before you reach a place where the road you are traveling on splits in two.

Purpose:

To warn that the road forks into two roads.

Action:

Decide well in time which road to take.
Look out for approaching traffic whose path you will cross when taking the right-hand road.





Name:

End Of Dual-Roadway Ahead (W116) (W117)

Where:

On any dual-roadway (where traffic traveling in opposite directions are separated from each other).

Purpose:

To warn that the one-way road you are traveling on is ending soon and will change into a single-carriageway (road) carrying two-way traffic, meaning approaching vehicles will use the same carriageway as you.

Action:

Position your vehicle on the road where it will not endanger approaching traffic.
It may be necessary to change lanes.





Name:

Start Of Dual-Roadway Ahead (W118) (W119)

Where:

On any single-carriageway road (where traffic traveling in opposite directions use the same roadway).

Purpose:

To warn that the single-carriageway you are traveling on is ending soon and will change into a dual-carriageway where traffic traveling in opposite directions will be separated and the road you are traveling on will carry one-way traffic (you will enter a one-way roadway).

Action:

You may overtake other vehicles on the right hand side after entering the one-way road, as all vehicles will then be traveling in the same direction.
This sign does not indicate a freeway and intersections can still be found on such a road.

DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT WARNING SIGNS

Direction of movement signs warn a driver of changes on the roadway ahead concerning the direction your vehicle will travel in, such as curves and bends in the road, oncoming traffic or vehicles entering the road from driveways not easily visible from your line of sight, etc.  The black lines on each sign represent the lane or road you are traveling on and arrowheads are used to indicate the direction of travel of vehicles using the road ahead.





Name:

Traffic Circle Ahead (W201)

Where:

On any public road before you reach an intersection.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a traffic circle ahead where you may need to yield to other traffic.

Action:

Slow down so that you can stop or drive around the circle at a safe speed.
Look out for road traffic signs and markings which will tell you whether you have the right of way or whether you have to yield.
If there is no indication, by means of other road signs, you always have to give way to traffic approaching from the right.
Vehicles within a traffic circle have right of way.

If you have right of way, still look out for traffic in the circle which may not yield to you.

If control sign R2.2 ( yield at mini circle) below is displayed at the traffic circle, you must yield to any driver who crosses his yield line first before you cross yours.







Name:

Gentle Curve To The Right Ahead (W202)
Gentle Curve To The Left Ahead (W203)

Where:

On any public road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a gentle curve ahead to the right or to the left, depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Ensure that you drive at such a speed that you can take the curve safely or stop within the distance that you can see.





Name:

Sharp Curve To The Right Ahead (W204)
Sharp Curve To The Left Ahead (W205)

Where:

On any public road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a sharp curve ahead to the right or left, depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Slow down so that you can take the curve safely or stop within the distance that you can see.





Name:

Hairpin Bend To The Right Ahead (W206)
Hairpin Bend To The Left Ahead (W207)

Where:

On any public road especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a very sharp, U-shaped curve (bend in the road) ahead to the left or right, depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Slow down so that you can take the curve safely or stop within the distance you can see.





Name:

Winding Road Ahead To The Right (W208)
Winding Road Ahead To The Left (W209)

Where:

On any public road especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn of a series of curves ahead.
In the case of (W208) the first curve is to the right, followed by others; and in the case of (W209) the first bend is to the left, followed by others.

Action:

Slow down enough to take the curves safely or stop within the distance you can see.
Remember that there could be any number of curves after the first one without further warning.





Name:

Combined Curves Ahead, To The Right Then To The Left (W210)
Combined Curves Ahead, To The Left Then To The Right (W211)

Where:

On any public road especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn that there are two sharp curves ahead in opposite directions.
(W210) indicates that the first curve is to the right and it will be followed by a second curve to the left.
(W211) indicates that the first curve is to the left and it will be followed by a second curve to the right.

Action:

Slow down enough to be able to take the curves safely or stop within the distance you can see.





Name:

Two-Way Traffic Ahead (W212)

Where:

On any one-way road.

Purpose:

To warn that the one-way roadway (all vehicles travel in the same direction) you are traveling on will soon become a two-way roadway (vehicles traveling in opposite directions).

Action:

Be aware that you are entering a roadway with two-way traffic and you have to be more careful when overtaking to allow for oncoming vehicles (from the front).





Name:

Two-Way Traffic Crossroad Ahead (W213)

Where:

In urban areas.

Purpose:

To warn that the one-way street you are driving on will soon be crossed by a street that carries two-way traffic.

Action:

If you are driving in the left hand lane and want to turn to the right at the next intersection, change to the right hand lane in good time.
If you are driving in the right hand lane and wish to turn to the left at the next intersection, change to the left hand lane in good time.

If you are turning left or right at the next intersection, be sure to keep to the left-hand side once you have turned onto that road as you will then encounter two-way traffic.





Name:

Lane Ends On Right-Hand Side Ahead (W214)
Lane Ends On Left-Hand Side Ahead (W215)

Where:

On any road with more than one traffic lane in the direction you are traveling.

Purpose:

To warn that the double lane road you are driving on narrows by a full lane from the right (W214) or from the left side (W215), depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Depending on which sign is displayed, change in good time to the lane that carries on.





Name:

Concealed Driveway On Right-Hand Side Ahead (W216)
Concealed Driveway On Left-Hand Side Ahead (W217)
Concealed Driveway On Left And Then Right-Hand Side Ahead (W218)

Where:

On any public road where side streets or entrances are not visible due to the road winding and/or other reasons.

Purpose:

To warn that one or more concealed driveways enter the road you are driving on from the left or right, depending on which sign is displayed, in such a way that you cannot easily see the road or traffic traveling on that road.

Action:

Slow down so that you can stop or yield if there is cross traffic that do not yield at the intersection.
Remember that the driver of such a vehicle, that joins your road from the concealed driveway, sometimes also finds it difficult to see your vehicle approaching such intersection.

SYMBOLIC WARNING SIGNS

Symbolic signs warn a driver of potential danger (hazards) or conditions ahead on the road or next to the roadway you are traveling on, in the form of symbols used on such warning signs to depict the type of hazard.





Name:

Traffic Signals (Lights) Ahead (W301)

Where:

On any road before an intersection with traffic lights.

Purpose:

To warn that there are isolated (hidden) traffic lights e.g. around a bend or behind overgrown trees, etc. that might come up unexpectedly, or particularly new traffic lights which drivers might not expect to find on such road, or an isolated traffic light at a pedestrian crossing ahead.

Action:

Slow down immediately and be ready to stop if the light changes from green to amber.
Make sure there are no cross-traffic or pedestrians who might not obey the signals.





Name:

Traffic Control “STOP” Ahead (W302)

Where:

On any road before a intersection with a stop sign.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a stop sign ahead, which cannot be seen in time without a warning, same as with the traffic lights mentioned above.

Action:

Slow down in good time and be ready to stop as required when encountering a stop sign.





Name:

Traffic Control “YIELD” Ahead (W303)

Where:

On any road before a intersection with a yield sign.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a yield sign ahead, which cannot be seen in time without a warning, same as with the traffic lights mentioned above.

Action:

Slow down in good time and be ready to stop if necessary.




TW304

Name:

Temporary Traffic Control Ahead (TW304)

Where:

On any road especially in rural areas near schools.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a traffic officer controlling the traffic ahead.

Action:

Slow down and be ready to stop the vehicle if the officer instructs you to do so.




TW305

Name:

Temporary Scholar Patrol Ahead (TW305)

Where:

On any road near schools.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a scholar patrol operating ahead.

Action:

Slow down and look out for a stop sign displayed by the scholar patrol, which would indicate that traffic has to stop while such stop sign is displayed and children are crossing the road.
Look out at all times for children who may suddenly cross the road.





Name:

Pedestrian Crossing Ahead (W306)

Where:

On any road especially in rural areas where drivers don't focus on pedestrians too much.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a demarcated pedestrian crossing ahead.

Action:

Slow down and stop if a pedestrian is waiting at the crossing, wanting to cross the road.
Do not overtake other vehicles that have stopped at the pedestrian crossing.





Name:

Pedestrians Ahead (W307)

Where:

On roads where there are more pedestrians than can normally be expected.

Purpose:

To warn that pedestrians might be crossing the road.

Action:

Slow down and look out for pedestrians who might be crossing the road you are traveling on for the next 2km.





Name:

Children Ahead (W308)

Where:

On any road especially near schools, playgrounds and sports fields.

Purpose:

To warn that children might be crossing the road.

Action:

Slow down immediately and look out for children who could be crossing the road unexpectedly or even be playing in the road.





Name:

Pedal Cyclists Ahead (W309)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn the driver that there can be cyclists ahead using or crossing the road.

Action:

Slow down and be on the look out for cyclists using or crossing the road you are traveling on for the next 2km.





Name:

Domestic (Farm) Animals Ahead (W310)(W311)(W312)

Where:

On any road especially in rural areas and around farming communities.

Purpose:

To warn that there may be free ranging animals such as cattle (W310), horses (W311) or sheep (W312) on the road or crossing the road.

Action:

Slow down and be on the look out for domestic animals for the next 2km.





Name:

Wild Animals Ahead (W313)

Where:

Especially on rural roads.

Purpose:

To warn that there may be wild animals on the road or crossing the road.

Action:

Slow down and be on the look out for wild animals for the next 2km.





Name:

Gate Ahead (W314)

Where:

On the roadway ahead or at a railway crossing ahead.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a gate, boom or barrier across the road ahead.

Action:

Slow down and be prepared to stop should the gates be closing or are closed already.
Wait until the gate opens and check to see if it is safe before moving off.

Close the gate behind you if it does not close by itself.





Name:

Motor Gate Ahead To The Right (W315)
Motor Gate Ahead To The Left (W316)
Motor Gate Ahead In The Middle (W317)

Where:

Especially on rural roads around farming communities.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a motor gate to the left or right or in the middle of the road, depending on which sign is displayed.

(A motor gate is a grid over a hole in the ground, used in the absence of a normal gate, to enable vehicles to drive over but to prohibit animals from crossing.)

Action:

Slow down and make sure there is no oncoming traffic about to cross the same motor gate.





Name:

Railway Crossing Ahead (W318)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a railway crossing ahead.

Action:

Slow down and properly look to the right and left for oncoming trains - remember that trains travel at very high speeds.
If a train is approaching, stop in time but not within the railway crossing reserve or on the track.





Name:

Tunnel Ahead (W319)

Where:

On any road especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a tunnel ahead.

Action:

Slow down and switch your vehicle's headlights on in the dim position to see and be seen by other road users.
Do not overtake another vehicle into the oncoming lane at any place whilst in such tunnel.
Be on the lookout for slow moving vehicles and other vehicles that do not have their headlights switched on.
Keep a good following distance, as your movement will be restricted in case of an emergency.





Name:

Height Restricted Ahead (W320)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a structure ahead of which the height is indicated on the road traffic sign in meters.
In this instance 4,42m high.

Action:

If your vehicle, together with any load thereon, is higher than the bridge or structure as indicated by this sign, find an alternative route.





Name:

Length Restricted Ahead (W321)

Where:

On any road but especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn that curves in the road or other structures on the side of the road make safe traveling impossible for vehicles longer than the length indicated on this road sign in meters.
In this instance 15m long.

Action:

Find an alternative route if your vehicle is longer than the length indicated in meters on this sign.





Name:

Steep Descend (Downhill) Ahead (W322)
Steep Ascend (Uphill) Ahead (W323)

Where:

On any road but especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn that the road will descend or climb steeply, depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Allow for a longer stopping distance on a descent and especially when your vehicle is heavily loaded.

Be aware of other slow-moving traffic, particularly in mountainous areas with sharp curves where you might not see such vehicles in time.





Name:

Slow-Moving Heavy Vehicles Ahead (W324)

Where:

Especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn that heavy vehicles travel slowly down a descent (downhill).

Action:

Slow down and, particularly in mountainous areas with sharp curves, be able to stop within the distance you can see.
Be prepared to encounter heavy vehicles traveling at low speeds and in a low gear on the downhill.
Remember to allow for a longer stopping distance on a descent especially when your vehicle is heavily loaded.





Name:

Gravel Road (Dirt/Sand Road) Begins Ahead (W325)

Where:

On any tarred road, especially in the vicinity of farms.

Purpose:

To warn that the tarred road (asphalt road) you are driving on will end soon and will have a gravel surface ahead.

Action:

Slow down and look out for a ditches, potholes or uneven surfaces at the joint between the gravel and the tarred surface.
Steering will be lighter on the gravel, vehicles will tend to skid more easily and will need a longer stopping distance.





Name:

Narrow Bridge Ahead (W326)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that the road narrows when crossing a bridge.

Action:

Slow down and, if there is oncoming traffic, try not to cross the bridge at the same time as an approaching vehicle.





Name:

One Vehicle Width Structure Ahead (W327)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that the carriageway ahead narrows to a width that will make it possible for only one vehicle at a time to pass.

Action:

Slow down if there is oncoming traffic (from the front), stop at least 6m from the structure and yield to the other vehicle.





Name:

Road Narrows From Both Sides Ahead (W328)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that the road ahead narrows from both sides.

Action:

Slow down and adjust your position on the carriageway since oncoming vehicles (from the front) will pass close to you.





Name:

Road Narrows Ahead From Right Side Only (W329)
Road Narrows Ahead From Left Side Only (W330)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that the road ahead narrows from the right or from the left-hand side, depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Slow down and adjust your position on the roadway.





Name:

Uneven Roadway Ahead (W331)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a depression or a ridge in the road, or that the road in general is uneven and potholed.

Action:

Slow down to avoid potholes without endangering other traffic.





Name:

Speed Humps (Speed Bumps) Ahead (W332)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there are speed humps on the carriageway (road) ahead which require a reduction of speed.

Action:

Slow down so that you can drive over the speed humps without damaging your vehicle or losing control.





Name:

Slippery Road Ahead (W333)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn about unusually slippery conditions on the road ahead e.g. permanent water on road surface, icy roads, gravel on tar surface, etc.

Action:

Slow down for the next 2km, since any sudden braking or harsh steering could cause your vehicle to start skidding (loose control) much easier than under normal conditions.





Name:

Falling Rocks From The Right-Hand Side Ahead (W334)
Falling Rocks From The Left-Hand Side Ahead (W335)

Where:

Especially in mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn that rocks could fall onto the carriageway that you are traveling on from the right (W334) or from the left-hand side (W335), depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Drive with caution and slow down to be able to stop within good distance if a fall occurs or has occurred.
Such rock falls occur more often when it rains, therefore reduce your speed further since your stopping distance during rainy weather will be longer.




TW336

Name:

Temporary Road Works Ahead (TW336)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there are temporary construction or road maintenance works ahead on the road.

Action:

Slow down and look out for other temporary road traffic signs, people regulating the traffic or who might be crossing the road.




TW337

Name:

Temporary Grader Working Ahead (TW337)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that a grader is working on the carriageway (road) ahead.

Action:

Slow down and drive slowly past the grader.
The full width of the road may not be available to use and there could be sand or gravel on the carriageway that could affect the handling of your vehicle.




TW338

Name:

Temporary Loose Stones Ahead (TW338)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there are loose stones or gravel on the road ahead.

Action:

Slow down and be aware that oncoming vehicles could throw up stones that could cause damage to your vehicle.
Your vehicle's braking and turning capacity could also be affected negatively.





Name:

General Warning (W339)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is danger of some kind on or next to the road ahead.

Action:

Slow down and look out for anything on or next to the carriageway that could cause you to change speed or direction


TW340


TW341

Name:

Temporary Surface Step To The Right Ahead (TW340)
Temporary Surface Step To The Left Ahead (TW341)

Where:

On any road especially where the road surface is being re-tarred (re-asphalted).

Purpose:

(TW340) To warn that the right-hand side of the carriageway is higher than the left-hand side.
(TW341) To warn that the left-hand side of the carriageway is higher than the right-hand side.

Action:

Slow down and be aware that your vehicle may tend to the right or the left if you straddle the step between the higher and lower level (when you drive with some of your vehicle's wheels on the higher side and the other wheels on the lower side).
Moving over from such higher part onto the lower part or from the lower part onto the higher part will severely pull at your steering wheel and could hit the wheels hard sometimes.
Ensure that you move over gradually and not with any sudden movements.
Do not make any sudden jerky steering motions, as it could cause you to lose control of your vehicle.




TW342

Name:

Temporary Soft Shoulder Ahead (TW342)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that the material of the road shoulder may be softer than reasonably expected and could be dangerous for anyone who wants to move off the road.

Action:

Do not drive or stop on the shoulder of the road.
If this is unavoidable, for example to avoid a collision, slow down as much as possible because the vehicle will pull in the direction of the shoulder as you move off the road.




TW343

Name:

Temporary Stop/Go Control Ahead (TW343)

Where:

On any road especially where road works are taking place.

Purpose:

To warn that traffic ahead is being controlled temporarily by a Stop/Go sign.

Action:

Slow down and get ready to stop.


TW344


TW345

Name:

Temporary Construction Vehicles Crossing From The Left Side Ahead (TW344)
Temporary Construction Vehicles Crossing From The Right Side Ahead (TW345)

Where:

On any road where construction is taking place.

Purpose:

To warn that construction vehicles regularly cross or join the road from the left or from the right-hand side, depending on which sign is displayed.

Action:

Look out for construction vehicles that could force you to slow down or force you off the road.
Slow down and be ready to stop for construction vehicles that want to cross or join the road.
Also look out for any spillage or items dropped on the road by such vehicles e.g. gravel, sand, water, etc. that could affect the handling of your vehicle.





Name:

Emergency Flashing Light (W346)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn of a hazard ahead.

This road sign will have a yellow/amber LED light that flashes to draw the immediate attention of a driver.

Action:

Slow down and look out for other road traffic signs that indicate a specific hazard.




TW347

Name:

Temporary Police Flashing Light (TW347)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn about a temporary stop sign controlled by the police, a collision scene, a roadblock or similar scene where police are on duty.
This road sign will have a blue LED light that flashes to draw the immediate attention of a driver.

Action:

Be ready to stop at the stop sign that follows after encountering the flashing blue light sign or on demand of a police officer.





Name:

Jetty Edge Or River Bank Ahead (W348)

Where:

On any road close to water or at harbours.

Purpose:

To warn that the road leads to a jetty edge or riverbank.

Action:

Slow down and look out for the end of the road so that you can stop in time before reaching the water.
Use caution as the road surface might be slippery closer to the edge of such jetty or riverbank.

Slow down sooner if you are driving a heavy vehicle as your stopping distance will be longer.





Name:

Crosswinds (Side Winds) Ahead (W349)

Where:

On any road especially in rural and mountainous areas.

Purpose:

To warn about strong crosswinds that could force your vehicles off its course (traveling direction).

Action:

Determine if the wind is blowing and from which direction.
Any shielding from the wind by a passing truck, bridge or excavation will affect your vehicle and you should adjust the steering in time.
A vehicle which is heavily loaded, higher in dimension, pulling another vehicle or trailer, etc. will be affected more severely by such cross winds than other vehicles and you should steer with caution.





Name:

Drift Ahead (W350)

Where:

On any road especially in rural areas.

Purpose:

To warn the driver that there is a drift ahead and that the road could be flooded with water or other debris.

Action:

Slow down and if it is not known how deep the water is, stop.
If passable, drive through the water slowly and with caution.
Steer clear from the sides of the road.





Name:

Low-Flying Aircraft Ahead (W351)

Where:

On any road especially near airports.

Purpose:

To warn of the possibility of low-flying aircraft and sudden aircraft noise near the road.

Action:

Be aware of low-flying aircraft, as to not get a fright and brake or swerve suddenly.





Name:

Agricultural Vehicles Ahead (W352)

Where:

On any road especially in rural areas and farming communities.

Purpose:

To warn that tractors or other slow-moving agricultural vehicles could cross or enter the road ahead.

Action:

Look out for agricultural vehicles and slow down if they want to cross the road or are busy crossing it.




TW353

Name:

Temporary Collision Ahead (TW353)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn a driver that there is an accident scene ahead where the road might be obscured, there could be pedestrians, rescue teams and police or traffic officers controlling the traffic at the scene and there could be wreckage, injured persons, animals or broken glass on the road surface.

Action:

Slow down immediately, look out for someone controlling the traffic and be prepared to stop.
If there is enough or professional help on the scene, do not stop out of curiosity.
Do not take your focus off the road to look at the collision scene or wreckage but rather concentrate on the route to be followed without driving over or into anything.





Name:

Reduced Visibility Ahead (W354)

Where:

On any road where there is fog or smoke.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a possibility of reduced visibility on the road ahead that might cause a hazard to road users.

Action:

Look out for fog or smoke on the road ahead and slow down.
If necessary, switch on the headlights of your vehicle in the dim position and in the case of thick fog, switch on your vehicle's fog lights (if equipped with fog lights) to see better and be seen by other road users.
Be on the look out for other slow moving vehicles or vehicles that do not have their headlights switched on.





Name:

Congestion Ahead (W355)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a possibility of congested (piled up) traffic ahead.

Action:

Look out for slow moving or stationary (stopped) vehicles and adapt speed accordingly.





Name:

Horses And Riders Ahead (W356)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a possibility of horses and riders being present on the road ahead.

Action:

Look out for horses and riders ahead and be prepared to slow down or stop.
Never drive past a horse and rider fast, as the noise of your vehicle might scare the horse and cause it to run in front of your vehicle or throw the rider.





Name:

Elephants Ahead (W357)

Where:

Especially in wildlife sanctuaries.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a possibility of elephants crossing or being present on the road ahead.

Action:

Look out for elephants ahead and be prepared to slow down or stop.
Stop your vehicle a good distance away from elephants that are in or crossing a road.
Do not make loud noises and do not climb out of your vehicle.





Name:

Warthogs Ahead (W358)

Where:

Especially in wildlife sanctuaries.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a possibility of warthogs crossing or being present on the road ahead.

Action:

Look out for warthogs ahead and be prepared to slow down or stop.





Name:

Hippos Ahead (W359)

Where:

Especially in wildlife sanctuaries and on roads in close proximity to a river.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a possibility of hippos crossing or being present on the road ahead.

Action:

Look out for hippos ahead and be prepared to slow down or stop a good distance away.
Do not make loud noises and do not climb out of your vehicle.





Name:

Width Restricted Ahead (W360)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is an overall width of vehicle restriction, as indicated on the sign in meters, on the road ahead.
In this instance 2,1m wide.

Action:

If your vehicle, together with any load thereon, is wider than the indicated width on the sign you must find an alternative route.





Name:

Electrical Shock Ahead (W361)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To warn that there is a possibility of electrical shock from the overhead electrical power cables on the road ahead.

Action:

Look out for electrical cables on the roadway ahead.




W362

Name:

Trams Ahead (W362)

Where:

On any road especially in urban areas.

Purpose:

To warn that there are trams crossing the road ahead.

Action:

Slow down and properly look to the right and left for oncoming trams.
Be on the lookout for traffic signals that might cause you to stop.
If a tram is approaching and there are no traffic signals present, stop in time, but not within the crossing reserve, and wait for such tram to pass.





Name:

Gravel (Dirt/Sand) Road Ends Ahead (W363)

Where:

On any gravel road.

Purpose:

To warn that the gravel road you are driving on will end soon and will have a tarred (asphalt) or concrete surface ahead.

Action:

Slow down and look out for a ditches, potholes or uneven surfaces at the joint between the gravel and the tarred surface.

HAZARD MARKER WARNING SIGNS

Hazard marker signs are placed on a road AT OR NEAR a hazard itself to mark the position of such hazard e.g. a sharp curve, T-junction, obstruction in or on the edge of the road, etc. more clearly.  You must identify these signs without delay as it will most likely require your immediate response!





Name:

Danger Plate (Delineator Plate) (W401)(W402)

Where:

On any road especially in rural areas.

Purpose:

To mark and warn you about an obstruction or change in the road alignment where this sign is displayed.
(W401) indicates an obstruction to the left of the sign.
(W402) indicates an obstruction to the right of the sign.

Action:

Slow down immediately and pass the hazard on the side to which the arrowhead points.
(W401) Pass to the right of this sign.
(W402) Pass to the left of this sign.





Name:

Railway Crossing With One Track (W403)
Railway Crossing With Two Or More Tracks (W404)

Where:

On any road that crosses a railway line.

Purpose:

To mark and warn you about a railway crossing with one track (W403) or a railway crossing with two or more tracks (W404) where the sign is displayed.

Action:

Slow down immediately and be ready to stop.
Properly look to the left and right for oncoming trains - remember that trains travel at very high speeds.
If a train is approaching, stop in time but not within the railway crossing reserve or on the track.
If there is no stop line or stop sign, you should stop no closer than 3m from the nearest track.
Also be on the lookout for any traffic signals (traffic lights) that might cause you to stop.






Name:

Sharp Curve (Bend) To The Right Chevron (W405), (W407)
Sharp Curve (Bend) To The Left Chevron (W406), (W408)

Where:

On any road especially in mountainous areas or areas with many hills.

Purpose:

(W405) and (W407) To mark and warn you that the road curves sharply and suddenly to the right where the sign is displayed.
(W406) and (W408) To mark and warn you that the road curves sharply and suddenly to the left where the sign is displayed.

Action:

Slow down immediately to take the curve at a safe speed or to be able to stop within the distance you can see.
Follow the road in the direction the arrowhead points to.





Name:

T-Junction Chevron (W409)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To mark and warn you about the end of a roadway.
The arrowheads point away from each other (outward) to warn that the road ahead does not carry on straight, but merges with another road where the sign is displayed and you will have to turn either to the left or to the right.

Action:

Slow down and look out for a stop sign, yield sign, traffic signals and for cross-traffic on the road you are approaching.
Decide if you are going to turn left or right.
The arrowheads indicate in which directions you can choose to travel i.e. either to the left or the right.





Name:

Dead-End Or Road Closed Chevron (W410)

Where:

On any road, where the carriageway ends.

Purpose:

To mark and warn you about the end of a road.
The arrowheads point towards each other (inward) to warn that the road does not continue beyond the sign and that you will have to turn around or take an alternative route.

Action:

Slow down and turn around or take an alternative route.





Name:

Boom Barricade (W411)

Where:

On any road, where access is temporarily closed due to a boom barricade across the roadway.

Purpose:

To mark and indicate a boom-controlled area.
Access is allowed only when the boom is raised.

Action:

Slow down and be ready to stop.
You will only be able to continue past the boom barricade if you are granted access to the area or if such boom barricade is permanently left open.
Proceed only once the boom is lifted to allow your vehicle through.
One vehicle at a time should proceed through such boom barricade.


TW411

Name:

Temporary Barricade (TW411)

Where:

On any road, where the carriageway is temporarily closed.

Purpose:

To warn that part of the road is temporarily closed to traffic.

Action:

Slow down and do not attempt to drive past the sign.
Look out for a additional regulatory signs that will indicate an alternative route.






Name:

Gore Plate (W413)
Gore Chevron (W414)

Where:

On any road.

Purpose:

To mark a physical division (split) in the road at this point i.e. the road separates or splits and that you must keep either to the left side or to the right side of the sign, in other words it could also mean that instead of splitting off to the left side you could continue straight on the road by keeping to the right side of the sign, etc.
For example at a freeway exit/off-ramp.

Action:

Slow down and decide in which direction you will travel.
Keep either to the left or to the right side of the sign.






Name:

Overhead Danger Plate (W415)

Where:

On any road especially on highways, displayed on overhead structures.

Purpose:

To mark the position and warn of an overhead structure across the road.
For example a bridge, low hanging cliff, etc.

Action:

Be on the lookout for accompanying road traffic signs, indicating the height restriction and decide if it is safe for your vehicle to pass underneath such structure.

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